Eye Diseases and Conditions

Symptoms and Treatments

Many eye diseases and conditions offer no early warning signs. The technology we use at Eye Medical Clinic enables early detection of vision problems such as macular degeneration, retinopathy, keratoconus and much more. We are also equipped to deal with smaller concerns including scratches, infections, conjunctivitis (pink eye) and even pterygiums.

Routine eye examinations by your Eye Medical Clinic eye doctor is the best safeguard for maintaining good vision at any stage of life.

Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

What is Conjunctivitis?


Conjunctivitis – commonly called pink eye – is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, which is the thin, translucent membrane that covers the surface of the inner eyelid and the front of the eye.


Bacterial conjunctivitis is the most common type causing swelling of the eyelid and a yellowish discharge. It can also cause itching and matting of the eyelids. This type of pink eye is very contagious and can be easily transmitted by rubbing the eye and then infecting household items such as towels.


How is it Treated?


Your Eye Medical Clinic doctor can easily diagnose conjunctivitis at an exam and can provide you with antibiotic drops and compresses to ease discomfort and clear up the infection, normally within just a few days. When a severe infection is present, oral antibiotics may be necessary. If left untreated, conjunctivitis can create serious complications, including infections in the cornea, eyelids and tear ducts.


What is a Pterygium?

A pterygium is a non-cancerous dense, fibrous growth on top of the clear, thin membrane over the white part of the eye, called the sclera. They are caused by overexposure to the earth’s natural elements (dust and wind) and cannot be cured with glasses or contacts. Pterygiums cannot be eliminated with medication or other methods; they must be surgically removed.


What are the Symptoms?


  • A gritty feeling (like dust or sand in the eye)
  • Burning or itching eye(s)
  • Foreign body sensation
  • Visual disturbances


How are they Treated?


Pterygium surgery is an in-office procedure. You will be prescribed an antibiotic ointment and eye drops to use and will return for a follow-up appointment to make sure everything went as planned. At Eye Medical Clinic, we have the experience and expertise to take care of your pterygium removal.

Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness in people over 65 years old in the United States, making it a health concern worth looking at.


What is Macular Degeneration?


Macular degeneration is a genetically determined age-related eye disease that causes individuals who have it to lose their central vision – what you see when you look straight ahead – usually in both eyes. It occurs when the small central portion of the retina, known as the macula, deteriorates.


Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of vision loss among people age 65 and older. The condition can negatively impact activities such as reading, working on the computer, doing household chores or favorite hobbies and even driving.


While there is cause for concern, early detection of AMD can help slow progression of this disease as the early stages usually begin without noticeable symptoms. Only a comprehensive dilated eye exam can detect AMD, and for all these reasons, it is a good idea to see a qualified ophthalmologist at Eye Medical Clinic for diagnosis.


There are two types of macular degeneration: dry macular degeneration (by far, the most common type) and wet macular degeneration. While only about 10% of AMD cases are the wet form, it is possible that the dry form can develop into the wet form.


How is it Treated?


Dry macular degeneration treatment actually begins with routine eye exams, especially after age 60. The goal here is to catch the development of AMD early. If detected, you may be prescribed a specific mix of zinc and antioxidants that have shown an ability to slow the progression of the disease.


Wet macular degeneration treatment can include a number of options including medications injected directly into the eye that inhibit the growth of abnormal blood vessels that cause the wet form of the disease.


Between 80 to 85 percent of individuals with diabetes will develop some level of retinopathy, according to a study at Yale School of Medicine. Individuals with Type I diabetes are more likely to develop the condition than those with Type II diabetes. If patients with diabetic retinopathy are treated properly before the retina is severely damaged, they will have an excellent chance of stabilizing the disease and stopping its progress.


What is Diabetic Retinopathy?


If you have diabetes, you need to understand the visual problems that increase in likelihood as a result of the disease. Eye Medical Clinic is here to help.


According to the National Institute of Health, diabetic retinopathy is the most common microvascular complication among people with diabetes and results in more than 10,000 new cases of blindness per year.


Retinopathy is an impairment of the retina — the nerve-rich, light-sensing area in the back of the eye that is crucial for sight. It is the leading cause of blindness among Americans between the ages of 25 and 70. The condition typically develops without early warning signs. The damage to the eye can occur slowly and is hard to detect without regular and accurate monitoring. Detecting and treating this disease early can save your vision.


How is it Treated?


Each Eye Medical Clinic patient’s treatment plan is highly individualized and is based on the patient’s medical history, age, lifestyle and degree of damage to the retina.


In its earliest stages, no treatment may be required for diabetic retinopathy except regular monitoring by your Eye Medical Clinic doctor. Recent clinical trials also suggest that better control of blood sugar levels slows the onset and progression of diabetic retinopathy in many patients.


What is Keratoconus?


Keratoconus is a condition that causes progressive thinning of the cornea (the clear membrane at the front of the eye). The resulting irregular shape is often described as a bulge or a cone.


Keratoconus causes blurry vision which is not correctable by glasses or normal contact lenses. It typically involves both eyes, although it can progress at different rates in each eye, and usually manifests in early adulthood.


How is it Treated?


Eye Medical Clinic offers several options for treating keratoconus. Traditionally, treatment has involved the use of scleral contact lenses, a lens that is a little larger than a typical contact lens and rests on the sclera of the eye.


Eye Medical Clinic also offers an advanced option that is seeing great success called Corneal Crosslinking. The aim of this minimally-invasive, in-office treatment is to stop the progression of keratoconus, preventing further deterioration in vision.


If you have been diagnosed with keratoconus, it is important that you have regular comprehensive eye exams. Be sure and consult Eye Medical Clinic, pioneers of research, development and future solutions in all things vision related.

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